A significant portion of our activities are in high biodiversity regions in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems located in major biomes. To work in ecologically relevant areas, over and beyond regulatory requirements, we meet the criteria set forth under our standards and rules geared toward knowing, preventing and minimizing the risks and impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem services.
We take biodiversity into account when planning new projects and in our daily operations. For example, the directional drilling approach may be more suitable if we need avoid damage to sensitive areas when deploying a pipeline because it runs below the surface of the soil, with no need for trenching. Meanwhile, insofar as the recovery of areas degraded by erosion or by the effect of our activities is concerned, we take care to restore their ecological functions, associating methods for ecological restoration to the engineering and geology techniques.
To increase our ability and our performance in these and in other topics, we have expanded our knowledge by means of courses and research and by participating in partner projects. This is the case of the Proteus Project, which allows us access the global databases on protected areas and species.
In partnership with universities and research centers, we have developed initiatives to protect biodiversity or for environmental remediation, such as new approaches to forest restoration in protected areas, creation of ecological corridors, protection of rare or endangered species and monitoring of fauna and flora. The Campos Basin environmental characterization project, for instance, involved 20 research institutions and more than 100 researchers in order to obtain and standardize data for the region’s physical, chemical and biological aspects. The information generated in these processes enables the development of scientific knowledge and even of public policy.
Another exemple is Biodiversity in the Urucu Oil Province, a book that provides information on Amazon Rainforest species.
We also support numerous civil society initiatives through the Petrobras Socioenvironmental Program, which aims to promote actions to protect and recover species and habitats, as well as their associated traditional uses, as a way to preserve and conserve biodiversity in land and water ecosystems, preserving and expanding the products of and knowledge about sociobiodiversity.